The world will witness the first total lunar eclipse of the year on Sunday (May 15). The eclipse process will begin Sunday at 10:27 p.m. (Eastern Standard Time), which according to Indian Standard Time will be 7:57 a.m. Monday, according to a CNN report.
The total lunar eclipse will begin an hour later. It will end at 12:53 a.m. EST (10:15 a.m. IST), the CNN report further said.
Just before the totality, the moon will emit a reddish tint, and is therefore referred to as “Blood Moon”. This will happen because when the sun’s rays reach the earth, much of the blue and green light is scattered, while the orange and red colors remain visible.
The Moon will also almost disappear for some time during the total lunar eclipse.
What is a lunar eclipse?
This is a phase when the Moon moves into the Earth’s shadow. This can only occur when the Sun, Earth and Moon are very closely aligned (like a straight line), with the Earth between the other two. It casts a shadow on the lunar surface, causing a lunar eclipse.
According to the European Space Agency (ESA), a lunar eclipse occurs just below a full moon and can last up to six hours.
Two shadows are cast during an eclipse. The first is referred to as the umbra (the total shadow, which falls on a narrow strip of land). This is the dark center of the darkening shadow. The second, less dark shadow is called the penumbra. It is a partial shade that covers a larger area.
How to see the eclipse?
The lunar eclipse can be seen with the naked eye, according to space scientists. “The wonderful thing about lunar eclipses is that you do not need any other equipment other than a passion and interest in being outdoors and a clear horizon,” Noah Petro, head of NASA’s Planetary Geology, told CNN.
The total lunar eclipse will last for a very short time, so enthusiasts will not be able to enjoy it much. But the Moon will change colors during the entire time of the eclipse, which can be enjoyed by aerial viewers.
Where will the eclipse be visible?
This total lunar eclipse will be visible in the Southern Hemisphere. This means that parts of South America, Europe and nations in the Middle East will see a glimpse of the “Blood Red” Moon.
Will the eclipse be visible in India?
No. The eclipse will be visible in Rome, Brussels, London, Paris, Havana, Johannesburg, Lagos, Madrid, Madrid, Santiago, Washington DC, New York, Guatemala City, Rio de Janeiro and Chicago, among others.
The partial eclipse will be visible in Ankara, Cairo, Honolulu, Budapest and Athens.
How can people in India see the eclipse?
Although the eclipse will not be visible in India, those interested can watch a live stream of the event on NASA. From 23:00 ET on 15 May to 12:00 ET on 16 May, ET, which is Monday (16 May 08:33 IST), the space agency will stream the eclipse live, with experts commenting on every step of the process.